William Grant High School
Covington, Kentucky

“The school was the center of the black community. Everything that happened in our community was centered at Grant School.” Marian A. Harper

The Secondary School Study Web Exhibition
by Craig Kridel, Curator

In 1940, William Grant High School was invited to participate in the Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools for Negroes’ Secondary School Study. Selected and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, sixteen of the most distinguished black high schools in the United States participated in an experimental program to reexamine administrative, curricular, and instructional practices. The University of South Carolina’s Museum of Education is pleased to feature William Grant High School and its participation in the study.


“Grant High School proved most important, naturally, in our development; however, the role of the home and the African American community in Covington must not be overlooked. The school and community came together to provide us with a close-knit and supportive setting.”
Charles Houston


W. A. Robinson

Letter of Invitation to Participate in the Study

January 23, 1940
We would like to include the most promising high schools in the Region. For instance, the school should have as principal one of the most promising principals in the state from the standpoint of his training, energy, capability and general alertness to educational progress. The staff should have good fundamental training and an intellectual approach to their work with materials, with boys and girls, and with community problems. We should select in each state the school that has already made the most intelligent approach from each of these angles, that is, is already carrying on a successful program.

Sincerely yours,
W. A. Robinson, Director
Secondary School Study
Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA

While the Association sought to achieve accreditation for its member schools and to make strides for equitable support—separate AND equal—for black education, some educators believed teachers were not involved in progressive education’s “stream of educational ideas” and, thus, were placing too much emphasis on traditional instructional practices. For this reason, the Rockefeller Foundation invited distinguished schools to help define promising practices and to serve as a laboratory for determining goals for black youth.
With oral history interviews conducted in November 2011 with


George W. Bunyan
Sayde Bunyan Dean
Marguerite Bunyan Giles
Marian A. Harper


Charles Houston
and with great thanks to
Theodore H. H. Harris,
Dr. Nancy Riley Walton, &
Dr. Joseph M. Walton


The Life and Legacy of Lincoln-Grant School, Covington, Kentucky 1866-1976 by Joseph M. Walton greatly assisted my preparation of this web exhibition. Joseph Walton’s stunning institutional history-group biography of the Lincoln-Grant School displays the thoughtfulness of a researcher, the grace of a novelist, and the love of a graduate of this most significant school. Recognizing the racial and economic injustices of the past, Walton’s scholarly yet personal tone introduces readers to the struggles and accomplishments of Covington’s black educators. Few other black schools in the United States have been so comprehensively portrayed, and I wish similar publications could be prepared for all schools that participated in the Secondary School Study.


With special thanks to Theodore H. H. Harris, “curator” for Lincoln-Grant alumni community, Elaine Kuhn, Kentucky History and Genealogy Services Coordinator for the Kenton County Public Library, and Lois Hamill, archivist for The Mary Northington African American Heritage Collection at Northern Kentucky University for providing important source materials for this exhibition.

The Museum of Education’s Web Exhibitions center primarily on the academic life of individual schools during the 1940s and early 1950s, the focus of the Secondary School Study. Our vignettes serve not to lessen the accomplishments and accolades from prior or subsequent decades nor do they diminish the significance of the social and athletic dimensions of school life. Instead, the Museum presents web exhibitions of the Secondary School Study schools as a way to feature the experimental efforts of progressive educators during the 1940s. Since these vignettes were not prepared to serve as school histories, we encourage alumni and historians to prepare their own comprehensive school accounts, histories, and memoirs of these important educational institutions.  
The Museum of Education’s Web Exhibitions have been prepared for a general audience and have not used professional terminology from the field of education. Our accounts are intentionally free of detailed bibliographic citations. The curator is currently writing a scholarly account of this project that follows accepted bibliographic practices.

Further, these exhibitions are conceived within a tradition of progressive education where a fruitful experience raises as many questions as it answers. Thus, the information on the various sites has been crafted intentionally to be suggestive—to allow important questions "to float" through the exhibitions rather than to be answered with a false sense of certainty. These sites are works-in-progress and represent an "educational research charrette" as additional historical material is discovered and fresh memories, recollections, and insights come forth by participants and researchers.


an institutional member of the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience